An'anaviy retseptlar

Gorgona oroli qamoqxonasida vino tayyorlayotgan mahbuslar bor

Gorgona oroli qamoqxonasida vino tayyorlayotgan mahbuslar bor

Qayta tiklash va qishloq xo'jaligi bir -biri bilan chambarchas bog'liq

Italiya sohilidagi Gorgona oroli qamoqxonasi o'z mahbuslarini uzumzorga ishga joylashtirdi.

2012 yil sentyabr oyida Marchesi de'Frescobaldi sharob sulolasi Gorgona orolida qishloq xo'jaligini tiklash dasturiga sarmoya kiritishga qaror qildi. Uzumzorlar tozalangani va parvarish qilinganidan so'ng, hozirda materikdagi restoranlarga 60 dollarlik vino qo'yib yuborilmoqda.

Gorgona orolida yashovchi 40 mahbus o'z kameralarida o'tirish o'rniga, reabilitatsiya vaqtini ochiq havoda o'tkazadilar. Sharob sanoati yaqinda qo'shilganidan tashqari, mahbuslar pomidor va qalampir o'simliklari kabi mahsulotlarni etishtirishadi. Bu oroldan turli xil pishloqlar, zaytun moyi va tovuqlar ham eksport qilinadi.

Huffington Post gazetasida ko'plab mahbuslar bu muhitni va tashqaridagi turmush tarzini "qochish" va "ozod" deb ta'riflaydilar. Italiyaning gavjum qamoqxonalariga qarama-qarshi, Gorgona oroliga kelish uchun uzoq kutish ro'yxati bo'lishi ajablanarli emas. Bu turdagi reabilitatsiyani qo'llab -quvvatlovchilarning fikricha, bu ish mahbuslarni "tashqi kompaniyalar bilan aloqalarni o'rnatish" orqali jalb qiladi.


Italiyada mahbuslar tayyorlagan sharob bor va bu juda yaxshi

Gorgona haqida ba'zi faktlar: bu oq sharob, Vermentino va Ansonica uzumlari aralashmasi. U Toskana sohilidagi xuddi shu nomdagi kichik orolda qilingan. Narxi 90 $ va juda yaxshi bo'lsa -da. Ammo Gorgonaning eng diqqatga sazovor joyi - uni kim yaratgani: hukm qilingan jinoyatchilar.

Pruno, unday emas. Uning ishlab chiqaruvchisi Marchesi de & apos Frescobaldi Toskana sharobining keng assortimenti bilan mashhur. Ammo shu kunlarda vinochilik va uning prezidenti Lamberto Freskobaldi faqat mahalliy qamoqxona ma'murlari yordamida o'ylab topgan Gorgonani muhokama qilmoqchi.

Gorgonada qamoqqa olinish, besh yildan ortiq xizmat qilgan erkak mahbuslarga yaxshi xulq -atvor uchun berilgan imtiyozdir. Hech qanday jinsiy tajovuzkorlar yo'q. Mafiya yo'q. Bu asosiy qoidalar. Ammo, deydi Freskobaldi, uzumzor ishchilarining ba'zilari bir yoki ikki kishini o'ldirgan bo'lishi mumkin. Aslida, eng shafqatsiz mahbus - 1995 yilda Mauritsio Guchchini o'ldirgan Benedetto Ceraulo (ha, o'sha Gucci). Freskobaldi umid qiladiki, mahbuslar mahoratni o'rganish orqali tashqaridan ish topib, retsidivni kamaytiradi. Tabiiyki, Freskobaldi o'zi xohlaganlarga o'z ishini taklif qiladi.

Frescobaldi va boshqa mutaxassislarning yordami bilan (faqat ko'ngillilar) guruhi o'zining birinchi vintage -ning 2,700 shishasini chiqardi, shundan 1000 tasi AQShning turli xil italyan restoranlari va sotuvchilarida sotiladi.


Jailhouse rock: italiyalik mahbuslar qamoqxona sharobini ishlab chiqaradilar

Italiya sohilidagi olis qamoqxona orolidagi bir guruh mahbuslar o'z vinolarini ishlab chiqarishni boshladilar, bu ularni, ehtimol, mamlakatning vino ishlab chiqaruvchilarining eng qiyinlari deb hisoblaydi.

Mahbuslar Toskana arxipelagining eng uzoqdagi zarrachasi bo'lgan Gorgona orolida qamoqda. Orol 1869 yildan buyon koloniya bo'lib kelgan. Mahbuslar yaqinda uzumzor barpo etishgan va hozirda 2700 shisha oq sharob, Vermentino va Ansonica uzumlari aralashmasini ishlab chiqarishgan. Ularga o'zlaridan namuna olishga ruxsat berilmaydi - buning o'rniga u kelasi haftadan boshlab Italiya bo'ylab restoran va vino barlariga sotuvga chiqariladi.

O'rta er dengizi o'simliklari, qarag'ay daraxtlari va eman o'rmonlari bilan qoplangan oroldagi 50 mahbusga Italiyaning eng qadimgi va hurmatli vinochilik oilalaridan biri bo'lgan Freskobaldis sharob ishlab chiqarish bo'yicha maslahatlar berdi. Aristokratik Toskana sulolasi etti asr davomida o'z mulklarida sharob ishlab chiqargan va o'tgan mijozlari Genrix VIII saroyi, bir nechta papalar va rassom Donatello hisoblangan. 13 -asr freskobaldi Dante bilan do'st edi. Kompaniya o'tgan yili boshlangan sxemada birinchi bo'lib ishtirok etdi, unda korxonalar orolga sarmoya kiritishga va mahbuslarga ozodlikka chiqqandan keyin ishga joylashishlariga ko'nikma va malaka berishga taklif qilinadi.

Mahbuslar uzumni deyarli ikki mil uzoqlikda bo'lmagan orolning bir burchagida, inglizlar Napoleonni surgun qilgan Elba shimolida va Giglioda, o'tgan yili Kosta Konkordiya ag'darilib ketgan joyda o'stiradilar. "Frescobaldi per Gorgona" deb nomlangan sharob, DOC rasmiy nomi yoki Frantsiyaning Appellation d'Origine Protegee ekvivalenti Denominazione d'Origine Controllata berilganligi uchun munosibdir. Sharob "kuchli va ajoyib xarakterga ega", dedi loyihada ishtirok etgan markiz Lamberto Freskobaldi.

Italiya qamoqxonalarida odamlar gavjum, ba'zi mahbuslar kuniga 22 soatgacha tor kameralarda o'tirishadi.

Gorgonadagi sharoit yanada qulay - qamoqxona 140 mahbusga mo'ljallangan, ammo hozircha uning uchdan bir qismi to'ldirilgan. Loyihani adliya vaziri Annamariya Kansellieri mamnuniyat bilan qabul qildi va u boshqa qamoqxonalarda ham takrorlanishi mumkinligini aytdi.

"" Bu kabi tashabbuslar mahbuslarga konstruktiv ta'sir ko'rsatadi, bu ularga qamoqdan chiqqandan keyin o'zlari uchun foydali bo'lgan sohada ixtisoslashishga imkon beradi. Biz statistik ma'lumotlardan bilamizki, ish topmagan mahbuslar uchun takror jinoyat sodir etish darajasi 80 foizni tashkil qiladi.

Italiya inson huquqlari bo'yicha Evropa sudi va boshqa xalqaro tashkilotlar tomonidan qamoqxonalarning surunkali to'lib -toshgani uchun qattiq tanqid qilindi. Shu yilning boshida sud Italiyani "kamsituvchi va g'ayriinsoniy sharoitlarni" tuzatishni va mayda kameralarga qamalgan mahbuslarga etkazilgan zararni to'lashni buyurdi. Evropa Kengashining bildirishicha, Italiya qamoqxonalari Serbiya va Gretsiyadan keyin Evropada odamlar ko'pligi uchun uchinchi o'rinda turadi.

"" Biz bu modelni davom ettirishimiz kerak, chunki biz butun dunyoga Italiya qamoqxonalari madaniyatli mamlakatga munosib ekanligini ko'rsatmoqchimiz ", dedi vazir.


Mevali italyan aralashmasi, toza havo va tiklanish

GORGONA, Italiya - Toskana arxipelagining eng shimoliy oroli Gorgonadagi koloniya mahbuslariga odatda spirtli ichimliklar ichish taqiqlangan. Ammo qamoqxona ma'murlari yaqinda, yozning jo'shqin kunida, mahbuslar va soqchilar ko'zoynak taqib, sharob sharobining sharobini sharafiga 2013 yil sharafini nishonlashganda istisno qilishdi.

"Bu orol yopiq", dedi qamoqxona direktori Karlo Mazzerbo, somon rangidagi sharobdan tost paytida.

"Lekin o'zingizni ochish, o'zingizni tanqid qilish juda muhim", - deya qo'shimcha qildi u, muxbirlar va sharob yozuvchilari vermentino va ansonika uzumlarining mevali aralashmasi bo'lgan "Gorgona" dan ho'plab olishar ekan, atrofida to'plangan mahbuslarga murojaat qilib. "Tashqariga chiqishni boshlaganingizda, yopilish muammosi hal qilinadi."

Bu falsafa jazoni ijro etish muassasasini boshqaradi, u erda mahbuslar uzumzorlarda va dehqonchilik bilan bog'liq boshqa tadbirlarda ishlaydi va ertalabdan kechgacha qamalgacha ochiq maydonga kirishadi. Italiyaning eng qadimgi vinochilik oilalaridan biri bo'lgan Freskobaldisni bu olisga qamoqqa olishning yangicha uslubiga yordam berish uchun olib kelgan narsa.

So'nggi ikki yil ichida Freskobaldi enologlari va agronomlari reabilitatsiya dasturining bir qismi sifatida orol mahbuslari guruhiga o'z nou-xaularini berishdi, ular ozodlikka chiqqandan keyin hayotiy ko'nikmalarga ega bo'lishni maqsad qilgan.

Italiya qamoqxonalarida o'tirganlar uchun retsidiv yuqori, taxminan 80 %, "lekin buning o'rniga, agar siz odamlarga ta'lim, o'qitish yoki ishga kirish huquqini bersangiz, retsidivlik 20 foizgacha kamayadi", - deydi Marchesi de Freskobaldi prezidenti Lamberto Freskobaldi. va loyihaning harakatlantiruvchi kuchi.

Ko'p yillar davomida o'quv dasturlari davom etayotgan Gorgona o'qituvchisi Juzeppe Fedelening aytishicha, "mahbusni bu erdan ozod qilishda ko'rsatishi mumkin bo'lgan eng yaxshi minnatdorchilik, uni yana qamoqqa jo'natish emas".

Mahbuslar qishloq xo'jaligi koloniyasiga kirish uchun ariza berishlari kerak va uzoq kutish ro'yxatlari mavjud. Ko'pchilik tajriba orttirish uchun Italiya qamoqxona tizimiga xos bo'lgan tanqidga uchragan jazoni ijro etish muassasalaridan qochish kabi keladi.

2013 yil yanvar oyida Strasburgdagi Inson huquqlari bo'yicha Evropa sudi Italiyani gavjum qamoqxonalarda mahbuslarga nisbatan "g'ayriinsoniy va kamsituvchi" munosabatda aybladi. Bu hukumatga bir yil ichida qamoqxonalar sonining ko'payishini hal qilishni buyurdi.

Bu muddat may oyida o'tdi, lekin Evropa Kengashi o'tgan oy Italiyaga uning taraqqiyotini to'liq baholashdan oldin yana bir yil berishga qaror qildi, chunki so'nggi oylarda qamoqda o'tirganlar sonini kamaytirgan "rag'batlantiruvchi, ijobiy tendentsiyalar" ni tan oldi. qonunlar va muqobil qamoq jazolarini joriy etish orqali, deyiladi kengash hisobotida.

Qamoqxona boshlig'i Alessandro Zakkariyaning so'zlariga ko'ra, hozirda Gorgonada 70 ga yaqin mahbus bor, bu "maqbul vaziyat".

Birinchi bo'lib 1869 yilda ochilgan qamoqxona fermada ishlaydi. Ba'zi mahbuslar qishloq xo'jaligi ishlari bilan shug'ullanishadi - meva va sabzavotlar etishtirish, chorvachilik, pishloq va non tayyorlash - boshqalari parvarishlash yoki oshxona va komissiyada ishlaydi.

"Bu hali ham qamoqxona, lekin siz ishlayotganingiz uchun kun tez o'tadi. Hujayrada 12 soat bo'lish, boshqa narsa-tashqarida bo'lish, biror narsa bilan band bo'lish ”,-dedi Santo Skianguetta, olti yil 16 yillik qamoq jazosini o'tab, uzumzorda ishlash tajribasi qurilayotganini qo'shimcha qildi. uning ishonchi. "Men chiqish haqida ko'p o'ylayman. Va endi men kelajakka umid bilan qarayman ».

Rasm

Bu erda mahbuslarning ko'pchiligi og'ir jinoyatlar, jumladan, qotillik uchun uzoq yillik qamoq jazosining oxirgi yillarini o'tamoqda. Qamoqxona ma'murlari maxfiylik nuqtai nazaridan jurnalistlar o'zlarining shaxsiy jinoyatlarini aniqlab berishdan tiyilishlarini so'rashdi.

Freskobaldi tashabbusi singari loyihalar mahbuslarni "qamoqxonalaridagi qahramonlardek his qiladi, va davlat dushman bo'lgan passiv qabul qiluvchilar emas", - dedi qamoqxona direktori janob Mazzerbo, shunga o'xshash dasturlarni Italiyaning boshqa qamoqxonalariga ham tarqatishga harakat qilgan.

"Tafakkurni o'zgartirish uchun hech narsa kerak emas", dedi janob Mazzerbo. "Siz buni istalgan joyda qilishingiz mumkin. Sizga orol kerak emas. "

Bir nechta jazoni ijro etish muassasalari allaqachon iqtisodiy faoliyat bilan shug'ullanadi va kamida ikkitasi sharob ishlab chiqaradi. Ba'zi jazoni ijro etish muassasalari oziq -ovqat yoki moda tashabbuslari bilan shug'ullanadilar va mahsulotlarni Adliya vazirligi saytidan buyurtma qilish mumkin.

Bu erda mahbuslar har oylik ish haqini oladilar, bu qishloq xo'jalik mehnat shartnomasi asosida tashqaridan oladigan maoshining uchdan ikki qismi. "Oilamizga pulga qaramaslik yaxshi", dedi 30 yillik qamoq jazosini o'tayotgan Ciro Amato. "Hech bo'lmaganda bu erda sizda imkoniyat bor. Ko'p hollarda odamlar qamoqxonani avvalgidan ko'ra g'azab bilan tark etishadi. "

Bu Livornodan 18 mil narida joylashgan orolda va arxipelagning bir qismida - bugungi milliy bog'da - hayot oson kechadi, degani emas, bu erda Napoleon surgun qilingan Elba va Montekristo singari izolyatsiya qilingan hibsga olishni keltirib chiqaradigan boshqa orollar kiradi. u qilmagan jinoyati uchun qamoqqa tashlangan shu nomli hisob.

Monastir binolari va harbiy qo'riqchi minoralari qoldiqlari uning o'tmishdagi izolyatsiyasi haqida gapiradi, orolning bitta portidagi kichkina baliqchi qishlog'ining bo'sh uylari so'nggi paytlarda iqtisodiy imkoniyatlar yo'qligini ko'rsatadi. Bu erda yil davomida faqat bitta fuqaro, 80 yoshli kampir yashaydi.

Vaqt o'tishi bilan, qamoqxona elektr energiyasi va materikga transport kabi asosiy ehtiyojlarni qondiradigan orolning asosiy hayotiy tarmog'iga aylandi. 2012 yilda janob Freskobaldi imzo chekganda, Adliya vazirligi Italiyaning qolgan orollar jazosi koloniyasi bo'lgan qamoqxonani yopishni o'ylab topdi. Janob Freskobaldi yaqinda Gorgona sharobini yig'ish bo'yicha 15 yillik shartnomaga imzo chekdi, bu esa muddatni uzaytiradi.

Orolda vinochilik Freskobaldi ishtirokidan oldin boshlangan.

Ikki yarim gektarlik uzumzor 1989 yilda ekilgan va ko'p o'tmay sharob ishlab chiqarila boshlangan. Enolog do'stlar yordami bilan, qizil va oq vinolarning birinchi navlari "oqilona" edi, dedi janob Mazzerbo va mahsulotlar birinchi marta 2004 yilda Italiyaning vino yarmarkasida Vinitaliyda namoyish etildi. Bir shisha 3,50 evroga sotilgan. taxminan 4,75 dollar, "va kimdir qimmat deb o'yladi", dedi janob Mazzerbo.

Sifatdagi sakrash janob Freskobaldi ikki yil oldin kompaniyaning tajribasini qarzga olganidan so'ng paydo bo'ldi - Freskobaldilar vinochilikda 31 avloddan beri ishlab kelmoqdalar - va bu mahsulotga kassa. Bu yil 2500 ta shisha va 200 ta raqamli Gorgona ishlab chiqarildi, ko'pchiligi tashqi bozorga yo'l oldi.

Qo'shma Shtatlarda bir shisha Gorgona hozir taxminan 90 dollar turadi.

Bu qimmatbaho mahsulot, tan oldi janob Freskobaldi. "Bu sharobni tanlashdan oldin o'ylash kerak, qimmatbaho mashina sotib olish kabi", dedi u. Uning fikricha, odamlarni "orqaga chekinib, sharob shishasi ortida nima borligini o'ylashga majburlash" edi. Biz loyihaning ma'nosini tushunishni xohladik. ” Sharob yorlig'i jazoni ijro etish loyihasining izohini o'z ichiga oladi.

Birinchi ikkita uzumzorlarning muvaffaqiyatiga asoslanib, janob Freskobaldi uzumzor maydonini ikki barobarga ko'paytirmoqda.

Va janob Mazzerbo orolni yanada ochish uchun boshqa investitsiya yo'llarini, shu jumladan, milliy bog' tomonidan qo'yilgan cheklovlar bilan cheklangan turizmni rivojlantirishni o'rganmoqda.

O'tgan 18 yilini panjara ortida o'tkazgan Umberto Prinzi Freskobaldi loyihasi boshlanganidan buyon uzumzorning asosiy qarovchilaridan biri bo'lib kelgan va o'tgan oy Gorgona 2013 debyut qilganida u nur sochib turardi. "Men uzumzorda yil bo'yi meva ichaman", dedi u stakanni tepada ushlab. "Bu ajoyib. Va bu juda qoniqarli. ”


Gorgona oroli qamoqxonasi Italiyada yuqori darajali uzumzorlarga ega

GORGONA OrolI, Italiya, 14 -iyun (Reuters) - O'rta er dengizi kichik orolidagi jazirama dengizga qaragan tepalikning tepasida, ikki jasur erkak uzumzorda quyosh ostida mehnat qilib, 50 evrolik (66 dollarlik) sharobni qo'yib yubordi. eng yaxshi restoranlar jadvallari.

Bu sokin go'zallikka qaramay, boylar uchun eksklyuziv vino maydoni emas. Bu, aniqrog'i, Italiyaning eng taniqli va shafqatsiz jinoyatlari uchun uzoq muddat qamoq jazosini o'tayotgan erkaklarning yunon mifologiyasidagi dahshatli opa -singillar nomi bilan atalgan orolda, sochlari uchun ilonlar.

Gorkona, Toskana arxipelagining eng kichigi, shu jumladan Elba ham, Napoleon qamoqqa olingan, qishloq xo'jaligi orqali qattiq jinoyatchilarni reabilitatsiya qilish loyihasiga ega.

1500 yil rohiblar uchun izolyatsiya qilingan boshpana va 1869 yildan buyon koloniya bo'lgan orol 700 yillik italiyalik sharob sulolasi yordamida Gorgona deb nomlangan 2,700 shisha oq sharob ishlab chiqardi. Xaridorlar orasida Florensiyadagi Michelin uch yulduzli restorani bor.

Gorgonaning 40 ta mahbuslari, ularning ko'pchiligi qotillik, jumladan, shartnoma bo'yicha o'ldirishda ayblangan, yuqori sifatli cho'chqa go'shti, sabzavot, tovuq, zaytun moyi va pishloq ishlab chiqaradi.

Tepalikdagi ikki kishi qotillik uchun uzoq muddat xizmat qilmoqdalar va boshqa qamoqxonalarda ko'p yillardan so'ng Gorgonaga ko'chib o'tdilar.

Orolga kirish uchun uzoq kutish ro'yxati mavjud, bu Italiyaning surunkali gavjum qamoqxonalari bilan solishtirganda juda kerakli joy. Ulardan farqli o'laroq, Gorgona sig'imining yarmiga yaqin.

"Ertalab bu erga kelganimda, tinchlik meni hayratga soladi. Vaqt sizga og'irlik qilmaydi. Bu erda mentalitet boshqacha", dedi ulardan biri, tatuirovka qilingan va mushaklari 30 yoshli Brayan Baldissin. shimoliy Veneto viloyati, uning akasi ham qamoqda.

Uning hamrohi, 30 yoshli va Sitsiliyadan bo'lgan Francesco Papa: "Bu erda hamma narsa boshqacha. Siz tashqarida va bo'shsiz. Men traktor haydayman. Men ishlayman. Siz oddiy odamga o'xshaysiz. Boshqa joyda siz kuniga 23 soat ichasiz. "

Livorno portidan 37 km uzoqlikda joylashgan Gorgonadan qochish imkonsiz deb hisoblanadi, garchi bitta mahbus g'oyib bo'lgan va hech qachon topilmagan.

Toshli qirg'oq yaqinida ruxsat berilgan yagona qayiq - bu oila a'zolarini tashrif buyuradigan haftalik parom. Hatto bunga ruxsat berilmaydi va yo'lovchilarni politsiya ishga tushirganda olib ketishadi.

Mahbuslar faqat tunda qulflanadi.

"Men etib, ishga tushganimda, birinchi navbatda qo'riqchini qidirib topdim. Keyin ular menga:" Yo'qol! "Dedilar. Men qotib qoldim", - deydi qotil, 41 yoshli Umberto Prinzi. 22 yillik qamoq jazosi.

U Gorgonaga ko'p yillar boshqa beshta qamoqxonada o'tirganidan keyin keldi va xizmat qilish uchun uch yil qoldi.

Aleksandr Dyumaning "Monte-Kristo grafligi" romanini o'z ichiga olgan arxipelagda joylashgan orolda faqat bitta doimiy yashovchi, 86 yoshli Luisa Citti-Korsini, ET deb nomlangan mushuk bilan yashaydi. port ustidagi uy. 50 ga yaqin sobiq fuqarolar o'z uylariga vaqti -vaqti bilan tashrif buyurishadi, ayniqsa yozda.

Citti-Korsini o'z vaqtini to'qish va o'qish bilan o'tkazadi. "Men o'zimni yolg'iz his qilmayman. Menda doim mushuk bor", dedi u yaqinda tashrif buyurgan jurnalistlarga. Uning so'zlariga ko'ra, mahbuslar "juda xushmuomala". "Qo'rqyapsizmi" degan savolga u: "Nimadan qo'rqyapsiz?"

"Men bu erda juda yaxshi, havo ajoyib."

O'tgan asrning 60 -yillarida, u bo'rondan qutulib, uni derazadan olib chiqib, portga tashlab yubordi.

Mahbuslar ham, soqchilar ham reabilitatsiya rejimining kuchli tarafdorlari va uni boshqa joyda qo'llash kerakligini aytishadi.

"Qamoqxona nima qiladi? Gorgona kabi qamoqxona sizni yaxshilashi mumkin. Lekin siz kamerada 22 soat yopiq bo'lgan boshqa muassasalar sizni yomon qiladi", - deydi Prinzi. "U yerdagi umidsizlik qichqirig'i sizning boshingizda abadiy qoladi."

"Dalada ishlash - bu qochish klapanidir. Agar siz kameraga qamalib qolsangiz, siz shunchaki televizor ko'rasiz va ahmoq bo'lib qolasiz", - deya qo'shimcha qildi u.

"Menga omad kulib boqdi. Ammo minglab va minglab odamlar borki, ular bunday imkoniyatga ega emaslar, shuning uchun ular qamalib qolishadi, nega ular buni tushunmaydilar va chiqib ketishganda yana xafa bo'lishadi."

Orol uzumzoridan balandroqda, 55 yoshli Sitsiliya Benedetto Ceraulo, qo'ylar suti va sigir suti pishloqlari, shu jumladan mazali yengil ricotta o'rtasida ishlaydi.

Ceraulo 1998 yilda Italiyaning eng shov -shuvli jinoyatlaridan birida, sobiq xotinining buyrug'i bilan, moda imperiyasini boshqargan asl oilaning oxirgi a'zosi Mauritsio Guchchining o'ldirilishida ayblangan.

Bir necha bor o'zini aybsiz deb da'vo qilgan Seraulo bir yil oldin Gorgonaga transferni qo'lga kiritdi. "Bu erda hayot yaxshi. Siz ozodsiz. Sizda o'rganish imkoniyati bor, men o'zimni baxtli his qilyapman", dedi u.

"Boshqa qamoqxonalarda bu dahshatli. Siz yovvoyi itlar kabi qafaslarda yashaysiz. Bu odamlar uchun mos emas. Agar siz kameraga qamalib, shaxsiy hayot kabi asosiy narsadan mahrum bo'lsangiz, odam yomonlashadi.

"Bu erda men dengizni ko'raman, sayr qilaman. Vaqt o'tadi."

Uzoq bo'lmagan joyda, xitoylik immigrant Jin Jaoli katta pitomnikda ishlaydi, mingdan ortiq pomidor, baqlajon, baqlajon va qalampir o'simliklarini o'stiradi. U 14 yil oldin o'z xotinini o'ldirganlikda ayblangan va bir yildan keyin chiqib ketishi kerak. "Bu erda yaxshi", dedi u.

Gorgonadagi uzumzorlar birinchi marta 1999 yilda ekilgan, biroq keyinchalik tashlab yuborilgan. Ular 2009 yildan keyin, Prinsi va Papaning yordami bilan uyda uzumzori bo'lgan, hozir ozod qilingan sitsiliyalik mahbus tomonidan tozalangan va tiklangan.

Marchesi de'Frescobaldi sharob sulolasi 2012 yil yozida qamoqxona ma'muriyati mahalliy kompaniyalardan qishloq xo'jaligi dasturiga sarmoya kiritishni so'raganidan keyin paydo bo'lgan. Firma o'sha yili hosil yig'ib, uzumni parvarish qilish va yig'ishni yaxshilash uchun mutaxassislarni yubordi.

Oilaning 30 -avlodi, vitse -prezident va sharob ishlab chiqarish bo'limi boshlig'i Lamberto Freskobaldi, bir gektarlik (2,5 gektar) uzumzor, ertalab quyosh tomon sharqqa qaragan va minerallarga boy tuproqqa ekilganini aytdi.

O'rta asrlarda ingliz qirollariga bankir, keyin vino etkazib beruvchi Freskobaldilar mahkum ishchilarga ish haqini to'laydilar, keyin esa vino sotadilar.

49 yoshli Freskobaldi aytganidek, ular sarmoyalaridan deyarli voz kechishlari kerak, lekin yillik aylanmasi 80 million yevro bo'lgan kompaniya uchun bu pul yig'uvchi emas.

Sharobdan birinchi qultumini ichganida nimani his qilganingizni so'rashganida, Freskobaldi shunday javob berdi: "Bu ko'zlarimga yosh olib keldi. Bu orolda men borishga va ketishimga imkoni bo'lmagan odamlarni o'ylashga majbur qildi. . "

Gorgona gubernatori Mariya Graziya Djampikkolo o'zining ilg'or usullari bilan tanilgan va Toskaning Volterra shahridagi Medici qal'asi ichidagi qamoqxonani boshqaradi. Mahbuslar har yili mahalliy oshpazlarning yordami bilan "Jailbird Dinners" dasturini o'tkazadilar.

U chet el kompaniyalari bilan aloqalarni o'rnatish orqali mahbuslarni ishga jalb qilishning etakchi himoyachisi. "Bizga mahbuslarni jamiyatga qaytarish uchun haqiqiy imkoniyatlar kerak. Agar javob faqat qamoqxonada bo'lsa, bu har doim ham etarli bo'lmaydi", dedi u. ($ 1 = 0,7519 evro) (Robin Pomeroy tahriri)


BOShQA MAKALALAR

Birinchi bo'lib 1869 yilda ochilgan qamoqxona fermada ishlaydi. Ba'zi mahbuslar meva -sabzavot etishtirish, chorvachilik, pishloq va non tayyorlash kabi qishloq xo'jaligi ishlarini bajaradilar, boshqalari parvarishlash yoki oshxonada ishlaydi.

Ko'pchilik Italiya qamoqxonalarida mahbuslar ko'p vaqtlarini qamoqda o'tkazsa, Gorgonada mahbuslar faqat kechki komendantlik soati va blokirovka qilingan holda erkin harakatlanishlari mumkin.

Orolning turar -joy qismida qadimgi Rim toshlari va yovvoyi o'simliklar hukmronlik qiladi, 1700 -yillarga to'g'ri keladigan baliqchilar qishlog'i

Hozir chiqa olamizmi? Gorgona qamoqxona fermasida qamoqxona mahbuslari boqadigan turli xil hayvonlar bor

Chorvachilik: Mahbus buzoqni boqadi, u qishloq xo'jalik hayvonlaridan biri bo'lib, u orolga turli xil pishloqlar va boshqa mahsulotlarni ishlab chiqarishga yordam beradi.

Ko'pchilik 1996 yilda milliy bog'ga aylangan hududning go'zalligini saqlab qolgani uchun oz maosh oladi.

Mahbuslar qishloq xo'jaligi koloniyasiga kirish uchun ariza topshirishlari kerak va ajablanarli emas - Italiya qamoqxona tizimidan qochib qutulmoqchi bo'lgan mahbuslarning uzoq kutish ro'yxati.

Koloniya tarixida faqat bitta mahbus "qochgan", deb ishoniladi.

Ular Italiya materigiga uzoq suzishdan omon qolishganmi yoki yo'qmi noma'lum, chunki ular hech qachon topilmagan.

Bu erda yil bo'yi faqat bitta fuqaro, 80 yoshli ayol yashaydi, 30 ga yaqin yozgi aholi asosan qamoqxona qo'riqchilari va ma'murlarining oila a'zolari.

Dengiz manzarali orolning go'zal qismida sigirlarning otxonasi joylashgan

Mahbuslar chorvachilik va bog'dorchilik kabi ish uchun oz maosh evaziga ozodlikda ishlaydilar

Ko'p mahbuslar meva -sabzavot etishtirish, pishloq va non tayyorlash kabi qishloq xo'jaligi ishlariga e'tibor berishadi

Orol tabiatni sevuvchilarning jannatidir. Gorgona - O'rta er dengizidagi turli xil yovvoyi o'simliklarning uyi bo'lib, o'zining noyob qirg'oqlari va o'rmonli joylariga noyob qushlarni jalb qiladi.

Qadimgi Rim toshlari va yovvoyi o'simliklar orolning turar -joy qismida hukmronlik qiladi, bu baliqchilik qishlog'i 1700 -yillarga to'g'ri keladi, o'sha paytda kichkina orol hamsi uchun gavjum savdo porti bo'lgan.

Toskana sayyohlik kengashining o'zi "2,2 kvadrat metr orol go'zalligi" deb nomlangan Gorgonani ulug'laydi.

Orolda monastir jamoalari yashagan uzoq tarixga ega, Gorgona Abbey O'rta asrlarning ko'pchiligida orolda mashhur muassasadir.

Uzumdan kutganlar: qamoqxona yaqinidagi uzumzorda, mahbuslarga so'nggi ikki yil davomida vino ishlab chiqarish sirlari o'rgatilgan.

Bepul yurish: fermada hayvonlarni boqish - kechki paytgacha orolda erkin yurish kabi hayot tarzi

Mahbuslar qishloq xo'jaligi koloniyasiga kirish uchun ariza berishlari kerak, va ajablanarli emas - uzoq kutish vaqti bor.

1425 yilda abbeydan voz kechilgan va 1869 yilda Gorgona qishloq xo'jaligi jazoni o'tash koloniyasiga aylangan.

Ular, shuningdek, 700 yildan ko'proq vaqt davomida Toskanada sharob ishlab chiqargan Freskobaldi oilasiga tegishli uzumzorga qarashadi.

So'nggi ikki yil davomida Freskobaldi xodimlari reabilitatsiya dasturi doirasida orolning bir guruh mahbuslariga vino tayyorlash bo'yicha mahorat o'rgatmoqdalar.

Italiyaning yuqori darajali restoranlari, shu jumladan Florensiyadagi Michelin uch yulduzli restorani, bu erda o'z menyularida bir shisha 70 evrodan yuqori narxda ishlab chiqariladi.

Aytilishicha, sxemani boshlagan qamoqxona direktori Karlo Mazzerbo orolni yanada ochish uchun boshqa investitsiya yo'llarini, shu jumladan, milliy bog' tomonidan qo'yilgan cheklovlar bilan cheklangan turizmni rivojlantirishni o'rganmoqda.


Kolumbiyaning sobiq qamoqxona oroli Gorgona sayyohlar va ilonlar uchun ochiq

Kolumbiyaning Tinch okeani sohilidan 21 mil uzoqlikda joylashgan Gorgona milliy bog'idagi kimsasiz plyaj.

Getty Images orqali Favero/VW Pics/Universal Images Group

Qo'llanmalar Kolumbiyaning Tinch okeani sohilidan 21 mil uzoqlikda joylashgan Gorgona milliy bog'i bo'ylab sayohatga chiqishdan oldin, tizzagacha rezina etiklarni berishadi. Etiklar loyda tortishish va zaharli ilonlardan himoya qiladi.

Qo'rqinchli sudralib yuruvchilarning mavjudligi - bu bog'ning begonalar tomonidan o'rganilmaganligidan faqat bir sabab. Bu 1960-80-yillardan boshlab 1200 ta qattiqqo'l jinoyatchilar uchun koloniya joylashgan Kolumbiyalik shayton oroliga o'xshagan kunlari yaxshi ma'lum bo'lganidan yordam bermaydi. Bundan tashqari, bir necha yil oldin Kolumbiyada turizm rivojlana boshlagach, marksistik partizanlar orolga bostirib kirishdi.

Xorxe Ramires, Gorgonadagi yagona kurortning menejeri

"Gorgonadagi sayyohlik har doim qiyin bo'lgan", dedi NPRga Kolumbiya milliy bog'lar tizimi direktori Yuliya Miranda.

Ammo sarguzasht izlovchilar uchun Gorgonani juda yaxshi ko'rish mumkin. Baliq ovlash taqiqlangan, shuning uchun suv osti g'avvoslarini hayratga soladigan ko'plab akulalar, nurlar va boshqa dengiz hayoti bor. Bu kitlarni tomosha qilish uchun eng yaxshi joy. Va orol maymun, kertenkele va qushlarga to'la, ularning ba'zilari endemikdir.

"Bu xuddi mini-Galapagosga o'xshaydi", deydi Gorgonaning yagona kurorti menejeri Xorxe Ramires, Ekvador yaqinidagi Tinch okeani orollari haqida gapirganda, Charlz Darvin o'zining evolyutsiya nazariyasini yaratgan.

Sayohatchilar suvga sho'ng'ish uchun salga chiqishadi. Baliq ovlash taqiqlangan, shuning uchun tashrif buyuradigan g'avvoslarni hayratga soladigan ko'plab akulalar, nurlar va boshqa dengiz hayoti bor. NPR uchun Jon Otis taglavhani yashirish

Sayohatchilar suvga sho'ng'ish uchun salga chiqishadi. Baliq ovlash taqiqlangan, shuning uchun tashrif buyuradigan g'avvoslarni hayratga soladigan ko'plab akulalar, nurlar va boshqa dengiz hayoti bor.

Bir paytlar mahalliy guruhlar yashagan Kolumbiya oroli 1527 yilda Peruga bostirib kelish uchun bu erga qo'ngan ispan konkistadori Fransisko Pizarro nomini oldi. Pizarro ilon chaqishi tufayli juda ko'p odamni yo'qotdi va u orolga Gorgona deb nom berdi. Bu ismi Gorgon uchun, sochlari emas, boshi zaharli ilonlarga to'la afsonaviy ayol yirtqich hayvon.

1960 yilgacha Gorgona deyarli aholi yashamadi. O'sha paytga kelib Panamadagi Koyba, Kosta-Rikadagi San-Lukas va Meksikadagi Islas-Mariya kabi orolda joylashgan koloniyalar modaga kirgandi. Shunday qilib, Kolumbiya hukumati Gorgonani mamlakatning eng xavfli mahbuslari uchun jazoni ijro etish muassasasiga aylantirishni afzal ko'rdi.

Akula bilan to'lgan suvlar bilan o'ralgan qamoqxona qochib qutula olmasligi kerak edi. Biroq, qamoqxona devorlari tashqarisida yog'och kesadigan ishchi guruhi tarkibiga kirgan bir nechta mahbuslar balzadan yog'och yasashdi va undan qochib qutulishdi, - dedi koloniyaning kichik muzeyini boshqaruvchi park himoyachisi Korazon de Xesus Aguino.

"Bu taxminan 24 soat davom etadi", dedi Aguino. "Mahbuslar janubiy shamollarni kutishlari kerak edi, chunki materikgacha bo'lgan eng qisqa masofa janubda."

Corazón de Jesus Aguiño, kichik koloniya muzeyini boshqaradigan park qo'riqchisi. NPR uchun Jon Otis taglavhani yashirish

Corazón de Jesus Aguiño, park koloniyasining kichik muzeyini boshqaradigan park qo'riqchisi.

Eng dahshatli qochoq - bu ketma -ket zo'rlagan va qotil Daniel Kamargo edi, u 1984 yilda Ekvador sohiliga etib borgunga qadar uch kun vaqt kanoe ustida yurgan. Keyinroq u Ekvador qamoqxonasida mahbuslardan biri tomonidan hibsga olingan va o'ldirilgan.

1980 -yillarning boshlariga kelib Kolumbiyadagi koloniya eksperimenti falokat deb topildi.

Qo'riqchilar mahbuslarni haqorat qilishda ayblangan. Qamoqxona ishchi guruhlari kazarma va iskala yasash va sutkasiga 24 soat yonib turgan qamoqxona oshxonasida o'tin yonayotgan pechlarni boqish uchun ko'pchilik daraxtlarni kesib tashladilar. O'rmonlarning kesilishi eroziya va suv oqimiga olib keldi, bu esa yaqin atrofdagi marjon riflariga zarar etkazdi, dedi Gorgona bo'yicha tadqiqot olib borayotgan kolumbiyalik dengiz biologi Mateo Lopez.

Olimlar va huquq himoyachilari bosimi ostida Kolumbiya hukumati 1984 yilda koloniya yopildi va Gorgona milliy bog'i deb e'lon qilindi. Bu ma'lum darajada atrof -muhit muhofazasini ta'minlaydi. Ammo uning uzoq joylashgan joyi va rustik turar joylari - bir vaqtlar qamoqxona amaldorlari joylashgan turistik kabinalar ba'zi sayohatchilarni o'chirib qo'ygan. Bundan tashqari, Gorgona atrofidagi dengiz yo'llari giyohvand kontrabandachilar tomonidan kolumbiyalik kokainni jo'natish uchun ishlatiladi. 2014 yilda giyohvand moddalar savdosi bilan shug'ullangan isyonchilar orolga hujum qilib, politsiya agentini o'ldirishdi.

"Mintaqa har doim xavfsizlik va xavfsizlik uchun muammo bo'lib kelgan, bu sayyohlar uchun birinchi masala", - deydi bog'lar direktori Miranda.

Biroq, partizanlar 2016 yilgi tinchlik shartnomasi bo'yicha demobilizatsiya qilishga rozi bo'lishdi. Marjon qoyalari tiklanib, suv osti sho'ng'inchilarining asosiy diqqatga sazovor joyiga aylangan paytda Gorgonaning o'rmonlari o'sdi. Qolaversa, orolning himoyalangan tomoni - juftlashish davrida dumaloq kitlarning sevimli joyi.

Gorgona orolining suvlarida dumaloq kit. Orolning himoyalangan tomoni - juftlashish davrida kitlar uchun sevimli joy. Getty Images orqali AFP taglavhani yashirish

Gorgona orolining suvlarida dumaloq kit. Orolning himoyalangan tomoni - juftlashish davrida kitlar uchun sevimli joy.

"Bu kitlar uchun eng zo'r muhit", dedi dengiz biologi Lopez. "Bu er va materik o'rtasidagi akustika erkaklar uchun juftlik chaqiruvlarini bajarishi uchun juda yaxshi. Orol og'ir to'lqinlardan to'siq bo'lib xizmat qiladi, shuning uchun urg'ochilarning tug'ishi juda xotirjam."

So'nggi tashrif paytida, ko'pchilik sayyohlik kabinalari ishg'ol qilingan va bir nechta tashrif buyuruvchilar Gorgonaning qanday tuzalib ketganiga qoyil qolishgan.

"Bir tomondan, bu orol bilan nima bo'lganini ko'rish dahshatli", dedi Germaniyadan kelgan bolalar bog'chasi tarbiyachisi, 24 yoshli Julie Berger. "Ammo tabiat qanday qilib hamma narsani qaytarib olganini ko'rish ham ta'sirli."

Bunga jazo koloniyasi kiradi. Hozirgi kunda uzumzorlar uning devorlarini ko'tarib chiqmoqda, rezina daraxtlar esa axloqsizlik zalidan chiqadi. Yaqinda tashrif buyurgan sayyohlar, mahbuslar o'rniga, yangi sayyohlarni ko'rdilar: 6 metr uzunlikdagi ikkita boa quruvchi.


Gorgona, Freskobaldi "Umid sharobi" va Italiyadagi orol mahbuslari

O n an early warm morning of the 20th of June 2019, our curious group of fifty people comprised of sommeliers, journalists and trade professionals in the wine sector boarded a chartered boat at the Italian port of Livorno. The group was led by Lamberto Frescobaldi, a 30th-generation Tuscan winemaker and the president of the Marchesi Frescobaldi Group, flanked by Nicolò D’Afflitto, Frescobaldi’s Chief Oenologist.

The destination: Gorgona Island.

Gorgona Island is the northernmost island in the Tuscan archipelago, between Corsica and Livorno with a distance of about 19 nautical miles (35 kilometers) from Livorno, the nearest port. It is esteemed for its wildlife and isolation. Historically, it hosted monastic communities in different eras starting from the 4th century and the last one being the Gorgona Abbey that was eventually abandoned in 1425. In 1869, it was revived again, becoming an agricultural penal colony where prisoners can serve the latter part of their sentences while learning agricultural skills before their reintegration with the society. Here, prisoners from all over Italy, excluding sex or Mafia related offenders, following good behavior, can request for transfer when they are at the last phase of serving their sentences to learn different agricultural skills before leaving the island for freedom. They are free to move around the island during to learn new skills and to work during the day and they return to their cells at curfew time.

The interesting part is that from a prison island it became a producer of world-renowned wines under the care of the Marchesi Frescobaldi Group, owning seven estates in Tuscany in addition to Ornellaia, Masseto, Luce della Vite and Attems. The social improvement project was launched in 2012 when Lamberto Frescobaldi received an email from the prison director in July of that year asking for help in making good wine from the existing 2.3 hectares of Vermentino and Ansonica vineyards in the island. The prisoners have tried to produce wine destined for government employees but failed and realized that they needed proper oenological knowledge in making good wine. The then prison director Santina Savoca, emailed more than a hundred wineries in Livorno asking for collaboration in producing wine in the island of Gorgona and it was only Lamberto Frescobaldi who answered. Three days later, he was on a boat to Gorgona Island to better understand the situation. There, he found hope for a new life from the inmates and the desire to help them became the driving force of the project.

That was the beginning of one of the most courageous and successful projects ever undertaken in the world of wine.

Being a prison island, visiting Gorgona Island is not open to the public.

This trip happened because of the invitation of Frescobaldi for the special day of unveiling the 7th vintage of Gorgona and the 150th year of the establishment of the prison. It was a significant occasion for everyone because it’s a rare opportunity to go to visit the island with Lamberto Frescobaldi himself with Nicolo D’Afflito guiding the tour to the vineyards and the winery.

The walk up to the vineyards was scenic with salty sea breeze caressing the air, a typical setting of a Mediterranean island. A couple of inmates were diligently pruning the branches of the vines while Frescobaldi and D’Afflitto explained the technical details about the growth of the vines. The great potential they foresaw in the growing the vineyards on the favorable conditions of schist soil with southeastern exposure coupled with the salty sea breezes gave way to exceptional wines resplendent of Mediterranean character.

A blend of Vermentino and Ansonica, the Gorgona Costa Toscana Bianco is appreciated for its complexity, acidity, fruit-driven characteristics with hints of tropical fruit, herbs, citrus blooms and pronounced sapidity.

When Frescobaldi took over the collaboration, they immediately brought one hectare of the vineyard that was planted in 1999 in the only protected area of the island from harsh sea winds to complete restoration and in 2015, they added another 1.3 hectares of Vermentino to the existing one. They follow a strict regimen from managing the vines to harvest until fermentation at the cellar. The Frescobaldi oenologists and agronomists work side by side the selected inmates who are assigned tasks in the operations from tending the plants to the management cellar. Agrotractors of Gruppo Argo donated a vineyard tractor for use in the island. Other than the tractor, the Gorgona wines are still made with zero technology in the small and basic cellar, fermented in used wooden barrels coming from Frescobaldi’s Castello Pomino Estate for about 6 months, without climate control system nor added yeasts. In winter, the wine is shipped while still in the barrels to Frescobaldi’s Rèmole Estate where it goes through the final stage of blending, bottling and labeling. The fact is, even if the inmates help in the production of wine, one of the strict rules that they follow is the avoidance of drinking alcohol. The only time they are allowed to taste with a little sip of the fruit of their hard work is during the annual first tasting of the vintage in the island.

Over the past seven years, this organically-made wine that costs around €80 a bottle with its limited production of only 9,000 bottles per annum, has conquered the international market, from the U.S. to Japan, because not only does it have a beautiful story to tell but it also is an excellent organic wine.

“This project makes me prouder every year,” stated Lamberto Frescobaldi.“Gorgona’s bouquet and palate display everything: love for the island, meticulous attention in production, influence of the sea, and that extraordinary environment that shapes inimitable wines that are themselves symbols of hope and freedom. In sum, the wine expresses the essence of this island and of a project that unceasingly gifts emotions, above all to the inmates.”

“I always tell them: Be proud, for in every bottle is your hard work and your desire for redemption.”

Now on its 7th vintage, Gorgona Costa Toscana Bianco 2018 expresses the island’s distinctive Mediterranean terroir.

The climatic year had been characterized by a mild autumn and winter, intensified rainfall in spring and warm dry summer months. September particularly favorable with breeze sunny days and mild temperatures. The 2018 vintage reflects a bright straw yellow color with golden highlights. It immediately imparts a complex bouquet of aromas of ripe exotic fruits, mature yellow stone fruits, Mediterranean herbs of thyme and rosemary and citrus blooms. The sea immediately comes to mind at the first taste for its distinctive sapidity. The play of ripe fruits stay in the mouth as well as a delicate acidity and a persistent finish.

The island has a certain peace that definitely benefits the well-being of the prisoners before returning to society. Vegetable plots are maintained, working animals are taken cared of, roads are paved, buildings are maintained, kitchen skills are learned, cheese and honey are even produced. Typically, the percentage of the reoffenders in Italy is 70% but if they are able to work, the average drops to 30% according to the penitentiary statistics. Giving them the possibility to attain skills for better reintegration greatly benefits themselves, their families and their communities. Gorgona is a successful project which has profoundly touched the human aspect of helping and creating. It’s not only a bottle of wine like the others. It’s a bottle of wine that speaks of hope for a better life and a courageous man who took a step forward and gambled a part of himself to give the pleas of help a second chance.

Some Facts About Gorgona:

The first vintage, Gorgona 2013, was presented to the the authorities in Rome and magnum number 0 to Giorgio Napolitano, then President of Italy.

Andrea Bocelli
created the text and signed the bottle label of the 2013 vintage.

Simonetta Doni, a wine-label design specialist with Studio Doni & Associati, donates her talents every year for the label graphics, thus artistically interpreting the qualities that make the island and the project unique.

Giorgio Pinchiorri, owner of Enoteca Pinchiorri, one of the most famous Italian restaurants world-wide, participates in the project by utilizing his distinctive cuisine to promote appreciation of Gorgona’s tradition of food and wine.


This Tuscan Winemaking Family Collaborates on Wines With Prisoners

The Frescobaldi family has been producing Tuscan wines for more than 700 years and some 30 generations. But it’s been gaining more attention for a fairly recent wine project with the Gorgona penal institution.

Frescobaldi has released its fifth vintage of Gorgona, a small-production, high-end organic white wine. A 50/50 mix of vermentino and ansonica, Gorgona is produced from grapes tended to by the prisoners the wine retails for about $90.

How did Frescobaldi get involved with the project? Marchese Lamberto Frescobaldi, president of the Marchesi Frescobaldi group, shared the story during a Gorgona wine tasting in New York in late February.

It began in late July 2012, when Frescobaldi received an email from the director of the prison on the island of Gorgona, located about 20 miles off the coast of Tuscany. Gorgona had a small vineyard, the director said, and was looking to make better wine while creating a program to provide the prisoners with agricultural skills.

Frescobaldi noted that his wife immediately told him not to get involved with the prison. But he was intrigued with the idea and paid the rocky, 400-acre island a visit a week or so later.

Gorgona, which has been a prison since 1863, is now where prisoners go to serve the end of their sentence, typically the last five to six years. While many Gorgona inmates have committee serious crimes, none are sex offenders or involved with the Mafia, Frescobaldi noted.

The 2.5-acre vineyard was well kept, Frescobaldi said, because a Sicilian inmate who had previously owned a vineyard had been tending to it for a few years. After tasting the wines in the small cellar, Frescobaldi realized he could help the island improve its production.

More important, he could provide the prisoners with a way to make a livelihood when they were released. Frescobaldi initially signed on for a three-year project with the prison.

Marchese Lamberto Frescobaldi, president of the Marchesi Frescobaldi group, shared the story during a Gorgona wine tasting in New York in late February.

Planting and Pruning

Frescobaldi agronomists and oenologists began working in the Gorgona vineyard alongside the inmates, teaching them about winemaking and organic farming. They doubled the size of the vineyard wines from the new plantings will be 100% vermentino.

Both vermentino and ansonica are native to the island and coastline and do well with the heat, Frescobaldi noted. “Ansonica is a big berry that matures slowly and travels well with vermentino.” They recently released a small amount of Gorgona red, from the sangiovese and vermentino rosso grapes already growing on the island.

The wine is shipped in barrels to Frescobaldi’s winery where it’s finished in the bottle. “This wine is Gorgona—it’s really an expression of the island,” Frescobaldi said, with lots of minerality from the volcanic soil, crispness from the maritime winds and the aromas of the vegetation.

Frescobaldi signed a new 15-year agreement with Gorgona in 2015. Of the 95 prisoners currently serving at Gogona, 18 work on the wine project. The inmates involved are shifted so that others have the opportunity to participate and earn some money.

The project costs Frescobaldi about 100,000 euros per year. The winemaker essentially rents the vineyard from the island, and it pays the prisoners by the hour (12 euros per hour), which is a standard wage for the job.

Working For a Second Chance

The earnings enable the prisoners to save money so that they can buy a car and rent an apartment when they get out. For many inmates, “working in the vineyard is the first ‘clean’ money they’ve made,” Frescobaldi said.

The program also provides them with experience to find jobs. As a result, Gorgona has a much lower recidivism rate—about 20% vs. 80% for the rest of the Italy’s prison population. A few of the prisoners who have worked in the Gorgona vineyard have been hired by Frescobaldi following their release.

The prisoners are allowed to taste the wine they’ve help make once a year, on the launch day for the vintage in June. Gorgona wine has a special taste, Frescobaldi said, “the taste of hope, to give these people a second chance.”


This Fine Wine Made At An Italian Penal Colony Is No 2-Buck Chuck

Marquise Lamberto Frescobaldi (right), of the winemaking dynasty, talks with prisoners Brian Baldissin (left) and Francesco Papa at his vineyard on Gorgona island in June 2013. Alessandro Bianchi/Reuters/Landov hide caption

Marquise Lamberto Frescobaldi (right), of the winemaking dynasty, talks with prisoners Brian Baldissin (left) and Francesco Papa at his vineyard on Gorgona island in June 2013.

Eighteen miles off Tuscany's coast, Gorgona is Italy's last island prison. Its steep cliffs rise up from azure Mediterranean waters. Here, a select group of convicts serves the end of long sentences by farming. And now, a legendary winemaker is training them to make high-end wine.

Mentioned by Dante in The Divine Comedy, Gorgona was for thousands of years a refuge for hermits and monks. Since 1869, it's been a penal colony.

There's no regular ferry — just occasional police boats for relatives visiting inmates and prison guards. Dolphins and sea gulls often escort the boats.

With Italian prisons among Europe's most crowded, serving time here is very attractive. Prison guard Mario Pascale says Mafiosi and sex offenders are banned. The 69 inmates who are here know they've come for work and rehabilitation.

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"They've got to be trustworthy," says Pascale. "By the time they get here, they've already spent many years in jail — at least half of a 20- to 30-year sentence for very serious crimes."

It's a steep trek from the boat up to the 2.5-acre vineyard where Umberto Prinzi tends the vines. When he landed on Gorgona, he looked around for a guard to cuff him. But he was told he was free to move around on his own.

"That was fantastic," he says. "In other prisons I was locked up for 22 hours a day in a cell 2-by-3 yards wide. Here I'm outdoors from morning to night."

Prinzi, who's 43, is serving a 25-year sentence for murder.

Inmate Benedetto Ceraulo works in the wine cellar. He was convicted of the sensational contract murder of Maurizio Gucci — he of the leather fashion empire — on the orders of Gucci's former wife.

The 2013 Gorgona vintage label was written by tenor and singer-songwriter Andrea Bocelli, who is from the mainland of Tuscany. Courtesy of Lamberto Frescobaldi hide caption

The 2013 Gorgona vintage label was written by tenor and singer-songwriter Andrea Bocelli, who is from the mainland of Tuscany.

Courtesy of Lamberto Frescobaldi

Here, the 56-year-old has learned lots of skills. "It's been an enriching experience it's made me feel better. . I take care of the beehives, and I make sculptures out of pieces of wood."

Gorgona Prison director Carlo Mazzerbo is a staunch environmentalist who says Gorgona is an ideal place to discuss issues such as organic farming, vegetarianism and animal rights. He believes inmates should be encouraged to take part in the dialogue.

"In jail, they see the state as the enemy. They learn the less you speak, the better," says Mazzerbo. "Here, on the contrary, the point of this project is to give inmates a sense of responsibility and participation. That way, you help them change their views of life and values."

Two years ago, Lamberto Frescobaldi — the 30th generation of the Marchesi de' Frescobaldi winemaking dynasty that was supplier to many popes, to the court of Henry VIII and to Renaissance artists such as Donatello — answered a call from prison authorities about teaching prisoners skills that will help them find jobs once they're released. It's called The Grand Duchy of Tuscany Project, named for the Grand Duchy of Tuscany, which in 1786 became the first civil state in the world to do away with torture and capital punishment.

And it seems to be working. Among Italy's prison population, the rate of repeat offenders is 80 percent. At Gorgona, it's 20 percent, says Mazzerbo.

Today is a special day at the prison: The ban on alcohol has been lifted. Wine writers chatter and mingle with prison guards and inmates as long-stemmed glasses are filled with an amber-colored liquid. Marchesi de' Frescobaldi is hosting a wine-tasting under a pergola on a terrace overlooking the sea.

"Now we are tasting Gorgona 2013, our second harvest on the island," says Lamberto Frescobaldi.

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The 2013 Gorgona vintage — a Vermentino and Ansonica grape blend — is only 2,500 bottles, selling in the U.S. at a hefty $90 each.

Frescobaldi describes the taste: "of sage, of those dried herbs that you can find on the island, discreet but intense at the same time."

It's also "a taste of hope and a second chance for these people. Unfortunately [they've made] mistakes in life they've misbehaved. But we have to give them a second chance when they're going to be out, and teach them to become a better person."

Inmate Umberto Prinzi says he used to drink just to knock himself out. Now, he cherishes the sample he's given of the fruits of his labor. "With every sip I take, I'm reminded of all the time dedicated to the vineyard. It's a different concept of drinking — very, very satisfying," he says.

Frescobaldi has signed a 15-year winemaking agreement with Gorgona. And he says he's willing to hire some of these workers once they're released.


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